At Prestone UK, we recommend checking your coolant/antifreeze at least every two weeks, depending on the amount of driving you do. A functioning cooling system is crucial to the ongoing performance and health of your car’s engine, so it’s important to make sure the coolant/antifreeze level never drops below the minimum fill line marked on the reservoir.
Here, we answer some of the most common questions asked by those topping up coolant/antifreeze for the first time, including:
- What does the cooling system do?
- How do I identify my car’s coolant/antifreeze reservoir?
- How do I check the level of the cooling system?
- How can I tell if my cooling system is leaking?
- How do I top up my car’s coolant/antifreeze reservoir?
- Can I add coolant/antifreeze to a hot car?
- What to do if my car overheats?
- Can I put water in the car’s radiator?
- How long does it take for a radiator to cool down?
What does the cooling system do?
The cooling system is designed to remove heat from the engine and keep it running at the right temperature. The system comprises of a radiator, fan and hoses which run around the engine block, allowing the coolant/antifreeze to absorb heat from every part of the engine.
This heat is then dispelled in the radiator thanks to the volume of cold air coming in through the front grille and fan, and the liquid recirculated to absorb more heat. As the process is continuous, this ensures that the engine is always running at the correct temperature.
How do I identify my car’s coolant/antifreeze reservoir?
Your car’s coolant/antifreeze reservoir should be easy to identify by its coloured lid, with many cars having a yellow coolant/antifreeze cap. You’ll probably find that there’s a warning symbol on the cap too, which highlights the danger of unscrewing the cap when the engine is running or hot.
The reservoir itself is usually made of thick, semi-translucent white plastic, and you should be able to see the coloured coolant/antifreeze (often pink, yellow or green) through the side of the tank.
If you’re struggling to find your car’s coolant reservoir, the best thing to do is refer to the owner’s manual, which will have a diagram showing different parts and components under the bonnet. If you no longer have the manual, head online and visit forums dedicated to the make and model of your car — a fellow motorist should be able to point you in the direction of the coolant reservoir for your specific type of car.
How to check the level of the cooling system?
Checking your coolant/antifreeze level is a simple process and should only take a couple of minutes every couple of weeks.
To check your car’s coolant/antifreeze level, locate the reservoir and check the fluid against the minimum and maximum markers imprinted on the side. The colour of the coolant/antifreeze should make this easy to do, but you may need to give the bottle a wipe if dust and dirt are impeding your view.
Ideally, the level should always be closer (or directly on) to the ‘maximum’ mark, so if it’s dropped towards ‘minimum’, we’d recommend topping it up.
When adding any liquid to your car such as Prestone coolant/antifreeze, it’s important to ensure the engine has cooled before unscrewing the cap of the expansion tank as the coolant operates at around 90°C. After filling, make sure that the cap of the expansion tank is replaced and tightened.
If the level is below the minimum line, top it up to the maximum line and monitor on a daily basis.
How can I tell if my cooling system is leaking?
If you need to top up the coolant reservoir each time it’s checked, you could have a leak. Leaks can occur throughout the cooling system, and may cause serious problems, like overheating and engine damage, if left unattended. If you think a hole, split or crack may have formed within your vehicle’s cooling system, take it to a professional mechanic and they will be able to diagnose the problem for you.
How to top up your car’s coolant reservoir?
Topping up your car’s coolant reservoir is a straightforward process. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it:
Can I add coolant/antifreeze to a hot car?
In instances where an engine has overheated, causing a breakdown, there may be a need to add fresh coolant/antifreeze to the cooling system. However, you should never add coolant/antifreeze when the engine is hot, and instead, wait for it to cool.
Why? Cooling systems are pressurised, and by removing the fill cap when the engine is hot you run the risk of a serious burn. Not only that, but the fill cap itself might be extremely hot to the touch, so for your own safety it’s important to wait until things have cooled off.
There’s another reason why you should never add coolant/antifreeze to a hot car, and that’s catastrophic engine damage. Adding cold coolant/antifreeze to a hot engine can cause cracks due to the sudden change in temperature, so even if you’re in a rush, you should still take the time to wait for the engine to cool – or face a potentially huge repair bill.
What to do if my car overheats?
Nothing is more nerve-wracking as a driver than seeing steam billowing from beneath the bonnet, especially when you’re sat in traffic. But what exactly should you do when the temperature gauge starts to climb towards the red, indicating that the engine is overheating?
These five tips offer guidance on what to do when your car starts overheating while you’re driving.
Turn off the air conditioning
If you notice the temperature gauge creep into the red, the first thing to do is switch off the air conditioning. A/C units put extra strain on the engine, causing it to generate more heat. Switching it off reduces the engine load, so things will cool down faster – an absolute essential in the summer.
Switch on the heat
Turning the heaters to full will transfer heat away from the engine and into the cabin, which may not be very comfortable for you, but the engine will thank you. If it’s the height of summer, open the windows so things don’t get too stuffy, and crank the vents on to full power for the best heat transference away from the hot engine bay.
Shift into neutral when at a standstill and rev the engine
Revving the engine might sound counterintuitive to helping it cool down, but doing this lightly will bring in more air and cool the radiator faster – provided the problem isn’t with the cooling fan, that is. Switch into neutral and rev the engine at about 1,500RPM to get the cooling fan going.
Keep the car rolling
Stop-start traffic is about the worst situation to be in when your car is overheating. That’s because braking creates drag in the engine bay, warming things up rather than cooling them down. Setting off is also bad news for a hot engine, as the car is having to work against inertia and requires more power. Instead, try to keep the car rolling by reading traffic, and avoid too many stops and starts.
Pull over and pop the bonnet
Sometimes the best thing to do when you notice a change in the temperature gauge is to pull over and wait for things to cool off. Driving with a hot engine can do more harm than good, so we’d always recommend allowing things to cool down before checking the coolant/antifreeze reservoir. If it’s empty, there could be a leak, and you’ll have to top it up to continue your journey.
Can I put water in the car’s radiator?
Water can be added to the cooling system, but only as a last resort to help you get home if the engine is overheating. Water lacks the antifreeze and corrosion-inhibiting properties of specially developed coolant/antifreeze, so you shouldn’t drive with only water in the cooling system for longer than necessary – especially if you live in a cold climate where the water could freeze in the system, causing a whole range of problems.
How long does it take for a radiator to cool down?
This depends on how long you’ve been driving for and at what kind of speed. If you’ve only popped out on a short drive in town, the radiator won’t be all that hot at all, and should cool down within 20 to 30 minutes.
However, if you’ve been gunning it on the motorway, you can expect to wait around an hour for the radiator to cool down enough for it to be safe to handle. Obviously, these times will differ depending on the temperature outside, with radiators taking longer to cool in summer than winter.
If you need to replace your coolant completely, you can also use Prestone Coolant/Antifreeze for this. Read how to here.
All our products are tested in extremes to ensure they work for you every day. To find out more about Prestone, visit our homepage.
When should coolant be refilled? ›
Check Your Coolant Level
If the level is below the minimum line, you will need to add coolant to keep your car and radiator happy. If your engine is starved of coolant it will overheat in a matter of minutes, which usually causes irreversible and expensive damage. Running low on coolant is a problem.
This deteriorated liquid can trigger severe harm to your engine by failing to control the temperature. Therefore, manufacturers suggest replacing the coolant periodically. It is recommended you change coolant after the first 210,000 km (140,000 miles) or 120 months, then every 30,000 km (20,000 miles) or 24 months.How do I know if my car needs coolant? ›
The high-temperature gauge is near or in the red.
One tell-tale sign of low coolant is the high-temperature gauge on the dashboard. This gauge is designed to tell you when the engine is getting too hot. Most often, the gauge should stay near the center of the H and C symbols.
Disappearing engine coolant could be the result of a slightly cracked hose, a tiny hole in your radiator, or a water pump issue. It's also possible for a coolant leak to develop inside your vehicle or to simply vaporize into mist via your defroster.How long should a full tank of antifreeze last? ›
HOW OFTEN SHOULD YOU FLUSH THE COOLANT? Depending on the vehicle and the coolant, the average time between flushes is two years or 30,000 miles for silicated coolants and up to five years or 100,000 miles for an extended drain coolant.How often should I put coolant in my car? ›
A typical mechanic will recommend changing coolant every 30,000 miles. But many will tell you, changing the coolant is not even on their radar. An owner's manual might recommend changing the coolant/antifreeze after the first 60,000 miles, then every 30,000 miles.How often should you put antifreeze in your car? ›
Antifreeze needs to be replaced about every twelve months. Replacing antifreeze is an inexpensive and easy car maintenance project, so there's really no reason to wait any longer between replacements. Make sure that your engine is completely cool before beginning the process of replacing antifreeze.How does a car act when coolant is low? ›
When coolant is low, your engine will start to heat up. The feature will automatically shut off the engine to prevent damaging the engine. Once your engine cools down, you will be able to drive your car again.Is coolant and antifreeze the same thing? ›
Engine coolant, also known as antifreeze, is mixed with water to keep the radiator from freezing in extreme cold and overheating in extreme heat. There are many different types of coolant, so it's important to know what variety is right for your car or truck.Can I just add coolant to my car? ›
Can I add coolant/antifreeze to a hot car? In instances where an engine has overheated, causing a breakdown, there may be a need to add fresh coolant/antifreeze to the cooling system. However, you should never add coolant/antifreeze when the engine is hot, and instead, wait for it to cool.
Why is coolant level dropping? ›
If your car's coolant level is dropping, it is almost always due to leaks in the cooling system – the hoses, radiator or radiator cap, for example. Symptoms of this can be a rising temperature gauge, a sweet odour (the smell of antifreeze), problems with your car's heater or increased fuel consumption.Can you lose coolant without a leak? ›
It is possible for levels to drop without a visible leak, or any leak at all. Let's take a look at the critical role coolant plays in an automobile engine and then determine how low coolant can occur without a leak.Why is my car losing coolant but not overheating? ›
Chances are you have either a radiator cap leak, internal coolant leak or an external coolant leak. The longer you wait the higher the coolant leak repair cost will be. Learn how to diagnose your antifreeze leak and learn what to do next.Do cars naturally run out of coolant? ›
How much coolant loss is normal? Providing that the engine is running well, with no leakages or damage, you can expect a coolant loss of 0.25% every four to six months. This means a loss of two to three ounces a year is completely normal.Do I really need to change my coolant? ›
Flushing the coolant and replacing it with fresh fluid every two years or 30,000 miles is a good rule. While you perform this service, inspect the hoses and radiator cap for wear. If the hoses are soft to the touch, show signs of wear, or are over five years old, replace them.Is it OK to put straight antifreeze in your car? ›
Pure antifreeze lacks sufficient heat capacity to keep the engine cool. In fact, if you put pure antifreeze into the cooling system, the heat-transfer capabilities are lowered by 35%, and it could really damage on the engine, especially in hot weather.What happens if you never change coolant? ›
The coolant can become more acidic over time and lose its rust-inhibiting properties, causing corrosion. Corrosion can damage the radiator, water pump, thermostat, radiator cap, hoses and other parts of the cooling system, as well as to the vehicle heater system. And that can cause a car engine to overheat.